Civil war in South Sudan since 2013 has continuously put its population at risk of mass atrocity crimes. To disrupt the ongoing cycles of violence, root causes must be addressed, which a new programme by the NGO Consortium consisting of the Agency for Co-operation and Research in Development (ACORD), DanChurch Aid and the Centre for Conflict Resolution attempts to do.
Justice for Syrian Victims Beyond Trials: The Need for New, Innovative Uses for Documentation of Human Rights Violations in Syria
Syria is said to be the most documented conflict in history. Dozens of institutions and organizations both inside and outside of Syria have been collecting evidence of systematic breaches of international human rights and humanitarian law since the beginning of the conflict. Originally, the aim was to one day bring potential perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity to account. After nearly seven years of conflict, many Syrian organizations have lost hope in achieving criminal justice any time soon and no longer see it as their main priority.
Does Feminist-Movement Building Reduce Violence Against Women? Good Practice Case Study: Women's Situation Room, Nigeria
The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) carried out a Good Practice Case Study on the Women's Situation Room initiative, set up during the 2015 general elections in Nigeria. Women's Situation Rooms had previously been implemented in Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Kenya. In Nigeria, the Women's Situation Room consisted of a physical Situation Room at a hotel, where 40 Incident Report Officers were able to receive calls through a toll-free number. In the Room, women conducted processes regarding intervention and mediation, coordination, political and legal analysis, observation of the polling process and recording and documentation.
In this article, Ms. Antonia Mulvey, Executive Director of Legal Action Worldwide makes the case that Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting (FGM/C) can amount to torture and under some circumstances could constitute a crime against humanity. She argues that FGM/C is widespread in many countries today and that where the state has overseen widespread FGM/C but taken little or no action to prevent it, the state could be complicit in a crime against humanity. No legal case has ever defined FGM/C as torture, but doing so may act as a deterrent for future crimes, inspire communities which see that accountability is possible, and may result in compensation for the victims.
Preventing Atrocities in the 21st Century: Seven Decades after the Holocaust, How Can the World Prevent Future Atrocities?
On 30 January, the United States Instuitute of Peace (USIP) and the Embassy of Switzerland in the United States organized a panel discussion with leading experts, including GAAMAC Chair Ms. Mô Bleeker, on the state of atrocity prevention in the 21st century. For anyone who missed the event, it can be watched here.